Rain forests are one of the wettest places on earth. They cover less than 10% of the earth, but more than half of the world’s animals come from rain forests. Rain forests are near the equator, mostly in Asia, Africa, South America and Australia.
Rain forests have tall trees and dense jungle. The reason it is called “rain” forest is because of the high amount of rainfall it gets. Rain forests get 71 inches (180 cm) of rain each year, which helps trees grow tall and fast. The tallest trees in the world grow in rain forest. The climate of rain forest is very hot.
Rain forests are sometimes called the lungs of the world because the trees take in a lot of amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and give out oxygen. The process (called photosynthesis), prevents carbon dioxide from building up and warming the planet. Rain forests are endangered now, because people cut down the forest for its wood.
Rain forests are made up of 4 layers. Each layer provides a home for different types of animals and plants. The names of these 4 layers are: Emergent layer, Canopy, Understory and then comes the Forest floor (this is the darkest part of the forest). Read the rest of this entry »